All dealings (e.g. research, manufacture, production, commercial release and import) with GMOs are regulated under the Gene Technology Act 2000 by the Gene Technology Regulator (GTR). Every dealing with a GMO needs to be licensed by GTR, unless the dealing is an Exempt dealing, a Notifiable Low Risk Dealing or on the Register of GMOs.
Three advisory committees, the Gene Technology Technical Advisory Committee (GTTAC), the Gene Technology Community Consultative Committee (GTCCC) and the Gene Technology Ethics Committee (GTEC), provide advice to GTR and the Ministerial Council.
Dealings with GMOs and GM products are also regulated by a number of other regulatory agencies where they are to be used for specific purposes:
- the National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (NRA) for agricultural and veterinary chemicals;
- the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) for industrial chemicals;
- the Food Standards Australia New Zealand for foods intended for human consumption;
- the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) for therapeutic goods; and
- the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) for the import of plants, animals and biologicals.
Relevant Laws/ Regulations/ Rules
Information Resources: OECD BioTrack