Functions under the Gene Technology Act are carried out by the Board for Gene Technology, appointed by the Council of State for a term of five years at a time. The Board is subordinate to the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. The members of the Board shall represent the most important administrative sectors concerned with the use of gene technology as well as ethical expertise. The Board supervises the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) both for research and commercial purposes. The Board for Gene technology acts also as an expert authority when necessary.
The Board for Gene Technology acts in co-operation with:
- the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health,
- the Ministry of the Environment,
- the Ministry of Trade and Industry,
- the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry,
- the National Advisory Board for Biotechnology, and
- national experts institutes and research centres.
Functions under the EC Novel Food Decree are carried out by the Novel Food Board which is working under the Ministry of Trade and Industry. National Food Agency is the national contact point referred to in the Novel Food Decree. The Novel Food Board consists of experts in the field of food sciences, nutrition, microbiology, medicine, toxicology and molecular biology. It is an expert body evaluating the safety of novel foods to be marketed. It also acts as an advisory body in issues relating novel foods and gene technology in the food chain. The Board for Gene Technology is consulted in environmental safety issues.
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health is responsible for the general supervision of the Gene Technology Act and particularly for the matters relating to human health. The Ministry of the Environment, in co-operation with the Finnish Environment Institute, is responsible for the prevention of any possible harm to the environment by the use of GMOs. The Ministry of Trade and Industry, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry shall be heard in the case of C-notifications. The National Advisory Board for Biotechnology acts as an advisory committee especially in ethical questions.
Information Resources: OECD BioTrack