Biosafety regulation has existed in Indonesia since 1997, via the Ministerial Decree on Genetically Engineered Biotechnology Product, which was put in place by the Minister of Agriculture.
To implement the decree, a committee for biosafety was formed in 1997. The Committee is supported by a technical team, which consists of experts in plant biotechnology representing different national institutes and universities. The technical team formulated a series of guidelines for release of genetically engineered organisms. These series include the general and specific guidelines for genetically engineered plants, microbes, fish and cattle.
In order to cover the food safety aspect of GM products, the first biosafety regulation, put in place by the Minister of Agriculture in 1997, was amended as a joint ministerial decree among the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Forestry and Estate Crops, Ministry of Health and State Ministry of Food and Horticulture in September 1999. The guidelines for food safety of GMO products were released in 2000. Recently, Indonesia released Bt cotton under limited conditions. Six applications have been reviewed. The Bt corn, and cotton, and roundup ready soybean, corn and cotton have gone through the biosafety committee and are in the review process of the plant variety release committee.