The National Guidelines for the Release of Genetically Modified Organisms into the Environment set the regulatory framework for biotechnology in Malaysia. The guidelines provide a voluntary framework for the introduction of GMOs into the environment. The Genetic Modification Advisory Committee (GMAC) is entrusted the monitoring and implementation of the guidelines. Research institutions carrying out GMO research must establish their own Institutional Biosafety Committee that will ensure that experiments carried in the institution comply with the guidelines. The guidelines also provide for general parameters in the risk assessment of each release.
GMAC members consist of scientists and representatives from civil society groups appointed by the Ministry of Science, Technology & the Environment. At the moment, the committee members sit on an ad-hoc basis as members are not permanently seconded to the committee.
Malaysia is in the process of formalizing a biosafety law to fulfill its obligations to the Cartagena Protocol, of which it is a signatory party. The proposed law is now in the process of fine-tuning, after consultation with various stakeholder groups